The Australian Organics Recycling Association (AORA), the national voice of the organics recycling industry, believes Plastic Wars, featured on Four Corners, contains valuable lessons for Australia in better managing its waste and recycling tasks.
Plastic Wars, a PBS Frontline production from the USA, was featured on Four Corners on 10 August and provides an overview of the disastrous state of reduction, reuse and recycling of plastics in the United States.
“Obviously, the story was specific to issues in the US. However, it would be wrong to claim that there are no common issues between Australia and the US, and a greater mistake not to pay heed to the lessons to be learnt from their errors,” said Peter Wadewitz OAM, AORA national chair.
The Australian recycling crisis following the China National Sword bans, and subsequent waste export bans, have brought home the challenges facing several Australian waste streams.
“In the midst of addressing the challenges in plastics and other streams, it must be remembered that there are parts of the Australian recycling industry which consistently deliver on their promises. The circular economy works best in organics recycling because it is the industrialisation of a natural process,” Wadewitz said.
“Uniquely among recycling streams, the supply of the organics recycling industry’s products such as composts and mulches does not always meet demand.
“Most major organic recycling processing facilities are located within 90 minutes travel time from their largest input and end user markets. Both supply of feedstocks and demand for the industry’s products are domestic, and usually local. The organics recycling industry does not export its problems,” Wadewitz said.
A statement issued by AORA said that the association and the organics recycling industry are targeting a national organics recycling rate of 95 per cent by 2030, up from the current 51.5 per cent. At that level, AORA says, the industry would generate an additional $1.6 billion in supply chain opportunity with an extra $612 million in industry value add towards the Australian economy. In turn, this would deliver 4,094 extra jobs paying $309 million in livelihood to Australians, according to AORA.
In addition, AORA claims an extra 3.2 million tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions would be saved: equivalent to 4.8 million trees planted or 742,000 cars taken off the road each year.
The biggest challenge in achieving these significant benefits, according to AORA, is the contamination of organic feedstocks, usually by plastics. For this reason, AORA advocates that Australia’s governments must urgently ban single-use plastics which are not recyclable, reusable or compostable, with exemptions for plastics used in medical and similar devices.
“Our industry’s products are needed for programs to meet state and national targets to reduce waste to landfill, mitigate the impacts of drought, retain water, improve soil quality, address soil salinity, improve agricultural productivity, and to deliver the benefits of soil carbon capture.
“These opportunities must not be lost with the current focus on other, more problematic recycling streams,” Wadewitz concluded.